Session 1: Introduction to Sustainable Consumption

Age:

a) -29
23.66%
b) 30-39
17.23%
c) 40-49
17.62%
d) 50-59
18.5%
e) 60-69
16.55%
f) 70-
6.43%

Gender:

a) Female
55.06%
b) Male
44.94%

Question 1.1

Which of the following do you think are the most important tasks for the future?

(Choose up to three options)

a) Securing the natural resources
55.37%
b) Securing economic growth
14.06%
c) Creating jobs
23.05%
d) Protecting the environment
59.18%
e) Ensuring good governance
25.78%
f) Dealing with migration
7.52%
g) Developing new technologies
21%
h) Improving public health
23.14%
i) Increasing security and safety
7.91%
j) Improving social justice
31.93%

Or (one option)

k) None of the above
0.39%
l) I prefer not to answer
1.56%

Question 1.2

How concerned are you regarding sustainable consumption?

(Choose one option)

a) Very concerned
46.43%
b) Moderately concerned
45.74%
c) Not much concerned
6.17%
d) Not at all concerned
0.88%
e) I prefer not to answer
0.78%

Question 1.3

When travelling distances up to 10 km,

(Choose one option)

a) I prefer to use public transportation
29.65%
b) I prefer to use my private car
36.99%
c) I prefer cycling
19.37%
d) I walk whenever possible
13.41%
e) I prefer not to answer
0.59%

Question 1.4

What are your main incentives when choosing a food product?

(Choose up to two options)

a) I make efforts to prevent packaging and food waste
34.12%
b) I prefer food that is easy and quickly prepared
15.34%
c) I prefer healthy food
62.93%
d) I prefer products with high sustainability standards (e.g. respect for human rights and the environment)
26.84%
e) I mainly choose products based on their cost
38.45%
f) I prefer not to answer
0.79%

Question 1.5

According to you, who should take the main responsibility in striving for a more sustainable consumption?

(Choose up to two options)

a) The individual citizen
66.47%
b) Non-governmental organisations (NGOs)
3.55%
c) Business and industry
23.37%
d) Local and/or regional governments
14.69%
e) National politicians and governments
40.34%
f) The EU and its institutions
24.85%
g) The UN and other supranational organisations
12.03%

Or (one option)

h) I prefer not to answer
0.99%

Question 1.6

What policy instruments do you think should be used to stimulate sustainable consumption?

(Choose up to two options)

a) To set and enforce standards for sustainable production and use
31.92%
b) To run information campaigns that encourage citizens to change their consumption patterns and learn how to use and dispose the product in a sustainable way
51.72%
c) To label products to make it easier for citizens to identify products produced in line with sustainability standards
25.12%
d) To make sustainable consumption cheaper and increase the price of products with negative sustainability impacts through subsidies and/or taxes
51.72%
e) To ban the production and import of products and services with negative sustainability impacts
25.02%

Or (one option)

f) None of the above
0.79%
g) I prefer not to answer
0.89%

Session 2: Shifting to More Sustainable Consumption

Question 2.1

In your opinion, which of the following is the most important role citizens should have in shifting towards sustainable consumption?

(Choose one option)

a) A consumer role – trying to buy products and use services that shift to more sustainable consumption
37.88%
b) A political role – vote for politicians who promote sustainability, sign petitions, etc.
9.91%
c) A collective action role – participate in community activities in favour of sustainability (e.g. organise local food baskets, volunteer at repair cafés, engage in renewable energy cooperatives, carpooling)
30.32%
d) A promotion role – motivate family, friends and social networks to consume in a sustainable way
18.55%
e) It should not be the role of the citizen
2.45%
f) I prefer not to answer
0.88%

Question 2.2

Which economic measures to make individual daily transport more sustainable do you find most acceptable?

(Choose up to two options)

a) Higher taxes for fossil fuel
5.26%
b) Higher taxes for polluting vehicles compared to less polluting ones
23.39%
c) Tolls and restricted access for cars in city centres and on motorways
12.28%
d) Favourable loans for purchasing environmentally friendly cars
27.78%
e) Shifting infrastructure investments away from individual car mobility for better quality public transport offer (e.g. reserved lanes, faster trains, shifts in urban planning)
53.51%
f) Tax incentives for alternatives to individual car transport (e.g. for car-pooling, public transport, bicycle use, home working)
50.1%

(Or one option)

g) No economic measures at all
1.56%
h) I prefer not to answer
1.46%

Question 2.3

How do you think public authorities should improve consumer information on sustainability on products? They should focus on:

(Choose one option)

a) Simplicity: simplify and standardise existing sustainability labels
34.74%
b) Comprehensive information: provide more information on more products
11.25%
c) Control: strictly control information and claims on products
24.07%
d) Education: educate the consumers so that they can better understand the information on products and adverts
28.18%
e) None of the above
0.88%
f) I prefer not to answer
0.88%

Question 2.4

In your eyes, what should EU policy makers do to improve energy efficiency, increase the share of renewable energy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions?

(Choose one option)

a) Set targets for member states, and specification for how to fulfil the targets
21.83%
b) Set targets, but leave it up to the member states how to fulfil the targets
32.85%
c) Encourage particular technology shifts (of one technology over the other) for the objectives
36.06%
d) Leave it to the member states
5.95%
e) I prefer not to answer
3.31%

Question 2.5

How should policy-makers act upon bottom-up sustainability initiatives and community engagement processes (such as local food baskets, collective gardening and cooking, renewable energy cooperatives, tool sharing etc.)?

(Choose one option)

a) Provide financial support (e.g. subsidies, tax incentives, partnerships, project funding, awards)
52.39%
b) Provide guidance and administrative support
17.6%
c) Show political support and acknowledgement
14.27%
d) Leave citizen initiatives to themselves and to the market
13.1%
e) I prefer not to answer
2.64%

Session 3: Reducing Consumption

Question 3.1

Would you be willing to voluntarily reduce your personal consumption?

(Choose one option)

a) Yes
89.79%
b) No
7.56%
c) I prefer not to answer
2.65%

If yes, in which field would you be most willing?

(Choose one option)

a) Products, for example not buying items that are rapidly out of fashion, not buying frequent upgrades of mobile phone and other electronics, sharing or leasing instead of buying, choosing to buy second hand
37.6%
b) Transportation, for example reduce driving your car, fly less
4.92%
c) Food consumption, for example eat less meat, only buy what you will actually use, do not buy food products with negative sustainability impacts such as out of season fruit and vegetables
31.91%
d) Energy and water consumption in household, for example turning down the room temperature by 1°C, shower instead of bathing, turn off the lights, wash your car less often
23.72%
e) I prefer not to answer
1.86%

Question 3.2

What, if anything, should the EU do to ensure that products have a longer durability?

(Choose up to two options)

a) Better products: increase mandatory warranties and enforce higher manufacturing standards so that products will become more durable
71.57%
b) Labelling: label products to reflect the durability so citizens can choose longer lasting products
27.45%
c) Repairable products: increase availability of spare parts and make it easier and cheaper to have it repaired
62.25%
d) The EU should not make policies that increase the durability of products
3.92%
e) I prefer not to answer
1.08%

Question 3.3

In order to reduce consumption, do you think public authorities should regulate marketing campaigns?

(Choose one option)

a) Yes
80.37%
b) No
16.39%
c) I prefer not to answer
3.24%

If yes, public authorities should:

(Choose one option)

a) Ensure that advertisements don’t “green-wash” products, i.e. deceptively market a product as environmentally friendly when this is not the case
41.51%
b) Prohibit campaigns encouraging overconsumption or waste like “buy 3, pay for 1”
21.25%
c) Ensure that every advertisement mentions the sustainability impact of the product
19.05%
d) Support marketing campaigns for products with low sustainability impacts
17.34%
e) I prefer not to answer
0.85%

Question 3.4

The EU Commission recommends the member states to shift from taxes on income towards taxes on material use in order to create a more sustainable society. Should taxes be shifted from income towards taxes on consumption and resource use?

(Choose one option)

a) Yes
59.82%
b) No
24.56%
c) I prefer not to answer
15.62%

Session 4: Towards a zero-waste economy?

Question 4.1

The European Commission has formulated a long term goal, that we by 2050 will have an economy where nothing is wasted, and e.g. materials are re-used as much as possible. Part of promoting this idea of a “circular economy” is applying the following waste hierarchy: reduce, re-use, recycle and compost, burn to create energy, dispose in landfill. What do you think the ambition level should be?

(Choose one option)

a) We should reduce the amount of waste we produce, but this is not the most pressing future challenge
16.67%
b) We should strive towards an economy in where no waste is produced, but we should be less ambitious concerning the timing
38.33%
c) In 2050 we should have a zero-waste economy whatever it takes (including e.g. strong regulation for citizens and businesses)
40%
d) Whether or not this goal will be reached should be left to the market
2.35%
e) I prefer not to answer
2.65%

Question 4.2

What do you think are the best ways to reduce the total amount of food being wasted?

(Choose up to three options)

a) Raise awareness on how food waste can be prevented (e.g. by explaining the difference between “best before” and “use by”, and how to plan shopping, cook with left-overs, store food, etc.)
66.57%
b) Promote innovative and smart packaging that can be resealed and which monitors freshness
33.73%
c) Stimulate just-in-time production (producing only what is required, in the right quantity and at the right time and place)
43.26%
d) Offer adequate portion sizes for minimum waste
39.33%
e) Separate collection of food waste from households by providing convenient and economically attractive composting schemes
32.35%
f) Separate collection system for food that is still edible that would otherwise be discarded
37.17%
g) I prefer not to answer
0.29%

Question 4.3

Suppose that the EU in the longer term sets the goal that 80% of old mobile telephones should be re-used and recycled. What do you think the EU should do to reach this goal?

(Choose up to two options)

a) Give an incentive to consumers to hand-in their old telephone when buying a new one (e.g. by giving them a discount on the new phone)
65.78%
b) Make it mandatory to hand-in your old mobile phone when buying a new one
15.93%
c) Promote schemes for renting/leasing mobile phones instead of buying them
6.19%
d) Give incentives to producers to make old mobile phones upgradable and repairable
33.63%
e) Oblige producers to assemble phones so that all materials can be easily recovered and recycled
59%
f) Current aims for recovery, re-use and recycling are ambitious enough
1.18%
g) I prefer not to answer
0.49%

Question 4.4

What should the EU do to counteract the trade with so-called conflict minerals, i.e. materials that are mined in areas of armed conflict and that profit fighting parties?

(Choose one option)

a) Implement a voluntary certification scheme for companies placing raw materials on the market showing that it does not contain conflict minerals
17.84%
b) Develop binding legislation on conflict minerals covering the whole production chain from the mine to the end-user (companies, consumers)
42.75%
c) Give priority to developing economically viable ways of recycling of products that contain conflict materials
31.37%
d) They should not counteract, but leave it up to the market forces
2.45%
e) I prefer not to answer
5.59%

Question 4.5

In a zero-waste economy, which of the following do you think is the best way for the EU to act, when it comes to import of raw materials and export of waste?

(Choose up to two options)

a) The EU should keep products containing rare materials and potential conflict minerals in the EU for re-use and recycling
44.22%
b) The EU may import waste containing rare materials and potential conflict minerals from outside the EU, but only if it can be processed in a more sustainable way than in other places
18.24%
c) The EU should introduce gradual bans of hazardous/ toxic parts in products (e.g. electronic appliances)
47.45%
d) The EU should counter the (illegal) shipment of hazardous waste to poorer regions
45.59%
e) Hazardous waste can be exported to third countries, but only if fair local working conditions and adequate safety and environmental treatment standards are guaranteed
15%
f) I prefer not to answer
3.24%

Evaluation questions

1) Has your participation in this citizen consultation changed your view on sustainable consumption?

a) Yes, they are now more positive
62.83%
b) Yes, they are now more negative
1.1%
c) No, they are the same as before the event
33.97%
d) I don't know
2.1%

2) Would you participate in such a citizen consultation if you were invited again?

a) Yes
88.56%
b) No
0.9%
c) Maybe
9.75%
d) I don't know
0.8%
Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statements

3) "I found the briefing booklet and videos balanced and informative"

a) I Strongly agree
41.05%
b) I agree
50.8%
c) I neither agree nor disagree
6.66%
d) I disagree
1.19%
e) I strongly disagree
0.3%

4) "Different views and perspectives were presented and discussed by participants in the discussion at my table"

a) I strongly agree
49.9%
b) I agree
42.43%
c) I neither agree nor disagree
4.98%
d) I disagree
2.39%
e) I strongly disagree
0.3%

5) "There should be European dialogue processes like this in the future"

a) I strongly agree
69.28%
b) I agree
27.61%
c) I neither agree nor disagree
3.01%
d) I disagree
0.1%
e) I strongly disagree
0%

6) "I believe the citizen summit has generated valuable knowledge for politicians and policy makers"

a) I strongly agree
33.03%
b) I agree
44.81%
c) I neither agree nor disagree
17.62%
d) I disagree
3.83%
e) I strongly disagree
0.7%

7) "Overall I am satisfied with the organisation of the citizen consultation in my country"

a) I strongly agree
57.59%
b) I agree
35.48%
c) I neither agree nor disagree
4.82%
d) I disagree
1.91%
e) I strongly disagree
0.2%